Learning Lab


Canine Musculoskeletal Conditions

Achilles Tendon Rupture
Amputations
Cranial Cruciate Ligament (CCL) Tear
Carpal Laxity, Carpal Hyperextension

Terminology

Orthosis - An externally applied device that is designed to support, align, prevent and correct deformities, or improve function of parts of the body. Often referred to as a brace.

Prosthesis - An artificial substitute for a missing part body part, such as a limb. Often referred to as an artificial limb.

Achilles Tendon - The Achilles tendon (common calcaneal tendon) is comprised of tendons from several different muscles of the hindlimb. The main components being the superficial digital flexor muscle and tendon, the gastrocnemius tendon, and the combined tendon of the gracilis, semitendinosus and biceps femoris muscles.

Cranial Cruciate Ligament (CCL) - The cranial cruciate ligament is one of several ligaments that stabilize the knee (stifle) joint. It is analogous to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in humans.

Stifle Joint - A joint in the hind legs of quadruped mammals such as horses and dogs—equivalent to the knee in humans.

Hock Joint - A joint between the tarsal bones and tibia of quadruped mammals such as horses and dogs—equivalent to the ankle in humans.

 

Canine Skeletal Anatomy

[A] Cervical Vertebrae  [B] Thoracic Vertebrae  [C] Lumbar Vertebrae  [D] Sacral Vertebrae 

[1] Scapula  [2] Humerus  [3] Radius  [4] Ulna  [5] Carpal Bones or Wrist-bones  [6] Metacarpal Bones  [7] Phalanges  [8] Ribs (13 in number)  [9] Phalanges  [10] Metatarsal Bones  [11] Tarsal Bones  [12] Calcaneus  [13] Fibula  [14] Tibia  [15] Patella, or Knee-cap  [16] Femur  [17] Pelvis, or Hip-bone 

 Based on original graphic:  Skeleton of a dog diagram.svg  from Wikimedia Commons, Przemek Maksim.

Based on original graphic: Skeleton of a dog diagram.svg from Wikimedia Commons, Przemek Maksim.